/ Modified aug 4, 2015 7:28 a.m.

NASA Satellites Aiding Forest Service's Wildfire Management

Agreement between federal agencies provides improved data pinpointing even small blazes.

NASA wildfire satellite image spotlight NASA satellite image of the Wallow Fire in Arizona's White Mountains in 2011. (PHOTO: NASA)

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By Melissa Sevigny, Arizona Science Desk

The U.S. Forest Service has a better view of wildfires from space, thanks to a new agreement with NASA.

The agreement gives wildland fire managers access to data from a satellite imaging system called VIIRS . In the daytime, VIIRS can theoretically detect a flaming fire just 50 square meters, about the size of a small house.

At night, VIIRS can detect a fire one-fifth that size. That’s an improvement on current technology, which routinely detects wildfires about 1,000 square meters in size.

The Forest Service has used satellites to track wildfires since the 1990s. The information helps the agency make decisions about where to allocate firefighting resources at the regional and national level.

Wildfires in the U.S. burn an average of 7 million acres a year. A combination of factors has increased the risk of large, catastrophic fires in Arizona, including drought and unnaturally dense forests.

The Arizona Science Desk is funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and is a collaboration of four NPR affiliate entities in the state.

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