July 16, 2019

Scientists observe shifting dunes on Mars

UA space scientists track the effect of wind on Martian sand dunes.

Mars Dunes Photo of sand dunes taken from Mars orbit.
NASA/JPL

LISTEN

The first astronauts to walk on the moon started their journey 50 years ago. Today, University of Arizona space scientists are focusing on weather effects on Mars.

UA planetary geologist Matt Chojnacki studies photographs and other data measuring the movement of sand dunes on Mars. He says Martian winds cause dunes to change patterns slower than sand dunes do on Earth.

"For a typical Mars dune, migrating several feet in an Earth year is pretty typical, whereas on Earth they may migrate 50 to 60 feet, maybe more," noted Chojnacki.

According to Chojnacki, none of the spacecraft that have landed on Mars use instruments that measure the weather on the planet in the same way we measure it on Earth. But he added photography and temperature readings from Mars orbiters helps scientists predict how the dune patterns move across the surface.

By posting comments, you agree to our
AZPM encourages comments, but comments that contain profanity, unrelated information, threats, libel, defamatory statements, obscenities, pornography or that violate the law are not allowed. Comments that promote commercial products or services are not allowed. Comments in violation of this policy will be removed. Continued posting of comments that violate this policy will result in the commenter being banned from the site.

By submitting your comments, you hereby give AZPM the right to post your comments and potentially use them in any other form of media operated by this institution.
Arizona Public Media broadcast stations are licensed to the Arizona Board of Regents. Arizona Public Media and AZPM are registered trademarks of the Arizona Board of Regents.
The University of Arizona